Professor J. Michael Walton


Life and work

J. Michael Walton


Latest and Last


‘How Married is Medea?’, Issue # 27  (2023) of Critical Stages/Scènes Critiques (


The Best Books on Greek Theatre for Practitioners and Audience



‘A Sense of Theatre: the theatre historian’s perspective’, Arion, Winter 2023,15-23, first presented as a keynote  of the VAST Internatioal Theater Conference :Values across Space and Time, Cultural  Heritage and Memory, Athens, Nov 2021.




Translating Classical Plays: Collected Papers (2016), London: Routledge.
The Greek Sense of Theatre: Tragedy Reviewed (1984). London: Methuen; 2nd ed. (1996), Amsterdam: Harwood;
3rd ed. as The Greek Sense of Theatre: Tragedy and Comedy Reviewed (2015), London: Routledge.
Huddled Together: 50 Years of Hull University Drama Department. (ed. 2013). Hull: Barbican Press. 
Euripides Our Contemporary (2009). London: Methuen Drama (A & C Black);  Los Angeles: University of California Press.
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The Cambridge Companion to Greek and Roman Theatre (ed. with Marianne McDonald, 2007). Introduction, pp 1-12;  Chapter 15  'Commodity: Asking the Wrong Questions', pp. 286-302.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Found in Translation: Greek Drama in English (2006, reprint 2007, digital pb. 2009). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 
Amid Our Troubles: Irish Versions of Greek Tragedy (ed. with M. McDonald, 2002). Opening chapter 'Hit or Myth: the Greeks and Irish Drama', pp. 3-34. London: Methuen Drama.
Menander and the Making of Comedy (with Peter D. Arnott, 1996). Westport: Greenwood. 
Living Greek Theatre: A Handbook of Classical Performance and Modern Production (1987). Westport: Greenwood;   trans into Greek by Katarina Arvaniti and Vicky Mandeli (2007) as To Archaio Elleniko Theatro epi Skene. Athens: Hellenika Grammata.

The Greek Sense of Theatre: Tragedy Reviewed (1984). London: Methuen; 2nd ed. (1996), Amsterdam: Harwood; 3rd ed. as The Greek Sense of Theatre: Tragedy and Comedy Reviewed (2015), London: Routledge.
Craig on Theatre (ed. 1983, 1991, 1999). London: Methuen Drama.
Greek Theatre Practice. Westport: Greenwood (1980); pb. rev.(1991), London: Methuen Drama.
Radio Play
Frogspawn, a play for Radio (published in Arion Vol. XXII, no. 3, Winter 2015)

Published Translations
For enquiries relating to performance rights of published translations contact
Aeschylus Oresteia (with M. McDonald, 2007). London: Nick Hern Books.
Sophocles Electra (with M. McDonald, 2004). London: Nick Hern Books.
Euripides Electra (with M. McDonald, 2004). London: Nick Hern Books.
Euripides Andromache (with M. McDonald, 2001). London: Nick Hern Books.
Euripides Medea: a student edition (2002, 2006). London: Methuen Drama.
Four Roman Comedies (ed. and trans. Terence Brothers, 2003). London: Methuen Drama.
Six Greek Tragedies, (jnt. ed. and 2 translations, Sophocles Women of Trachis and Euripides Bacchae, 2002). London:  Methuen Drama.
Six Greek Comedies (ed. and 3 translations, Euripides Cyclops and Alkestis, Menander The Woman from  Samos, 2002) London: Methuen Drama. 
Methuen Classical Greek Plays in 13 volumes (1988-2001). Editor, introductions and sometime translator of:
           Sophocles. Women of Trachis
           Euripides. Alcestis, Bacchae, Cyclops, Medea, Rhesus 
           Menander. The Malcontent, The Woman from Samos

London: Methuen  Drama 1988-2001.
                 Aeschylus (2 volumes)
                 Sophocles (2 volumes)
                 Euripides (6 volumes)
                 Aristophanes (2/3 volumes)
                 Menander (part-volume)

Chapters  in Books
'Prometheus Bound in Translation: "The True Promethean Fire" ' in Constantinidis, Stratos E. (ed.), The Reception of Aeschylus' Plays Through Shifting Models and Frontiers, Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2016, pp. 80-106.
'Business as Usual: Plautus' Menaechmi in English Translation' in Olson, S. Douglas (ed.), Ancient Comedy and Reception: Essays in Honor of Jeffrey Henderson, Berlin and Boston: de Gruyter, 2014, pp. 1040-61.
'Men As They Ought To Be: Sophocles in Translation' in Markantonatos, A.(ed.),  Brill's Companion to Sophocles, Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2012, pp. 619-39.
'E.W.G. and E.G.C.: Father and Son' in Cockin, K. (ed.), Ellen Terry, Spheres of Influence, London: Pickering and Chatto, 2011, pp. 81-91.
'Crisis, What Crisis?': Drama and Theatre Studies in British Universities, in Tabaki, A. and W. Puchner (eds.) Theatre and Theatre Studies in the 21st Century, Proceedings of the First International Conference in Athens, 2005. Athens: Ergo, 2010, pp. 55-65.
'A Playing Tradition', 'Actors, Chorus and Mask', 'Social and Domestic Drama', in Hart, M. L.  The Art of Ancient Greek Theater, Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2010, pp. 7-13, 33-41, 128-35.
'Where is the Spine?' in Stuttard, D.  (ed.) Looking at Lysistrata, Bristol: Bristol Classical Press, 2010, pp. 11-19.
' "An Agreeable Innovation": Play and Translation' in Lianeri, A.  and V.D. Zajko (eds.), Translation and the Classic, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008, pp. 261-77.

' "Enough Give In It": Translating the Classical Play' in Hardwick, L and C. Stray (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Classical Receptions, Oxford: Blackwell, 2008, pp. 153-67.

'Time-Travelling in Theatre History' in Vivilakis, I. (ed), Stephanos: Tribute to Walter Puchner, Athens: University of Athens, 2007, pp.209-216. 
' "Good Manners, Decorum and the Public Peace": Greek Drama and the Censor' in  Billiani (F. (ed.), Modes of Censorship and Translation: National Contexts and Diverse Media, Manchester: St Jerome Press, 2007, pp. 143-66.
'Translation or Transubstantiation' in Macintosh, F., P. Michelakis, E. Hall and O. Taplin (eds.), Agamemnon in Performance 458 BC to AD 2000, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005, pp. 189-206.
'Outside Looking In: Subversive Choruses in Greek Tragedy' in Dillon, J. and S. Wilmer (eds.), Rebel Women: Staging Ancient Greek Drama Today, London: Methuen Drama, 2005, pp. 193-214.
'Craig, la quête de l’impossible synthèse' in Banu, G. (ed.), Les Cités du Théâtre D’Art de Stanislavski à Strehler, Paris: éditions Théâtrales, 2000, pp. 230-41.
' "A Divinity which Shapes our Ends": Greek Comedy in a Secular Age', in Levy, S. (ed.), Theatre and Holy Script, Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 1999, pp. 140-8.
'Essence or Perception: Greek Drama for a New Century', in Patsalidis, S. and E. Sakellaridou (eds.), (Dis)Placing Classical Greek Theatre, Thessaloniki: University Studio Press, 1999, pp. 329-39.

Foreword to Taxidou, O, The Mask: A Periodical Performance by Edward Gordon Craig, Amsterdam: Harwood Academic, 1998, pp. XIII-XV.

Articles in journals
"Craig and the Greeks" , Theatre Arts Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2015, pp. 23-35.
'The Translator's Invisibility: Handling Irony', GRAMMA, Vol. 22 (1), 2014 (pub. 2015), pp. 143-58.
'How Many Suppliants?', Tenth International Symposium on Ancient Greek Drama, Nicosia: Cyprus Centre of the I.T.I., 2010, pp. 289-300. Also in Greek ibid pp.59-71.
'Theobald and Lintott: A Footnote on Early Translations of Greek Tragedy', Arion, Third Series, 16.3 Winter 2009, pp.103-110.  
'Vacuum or Agenda: The Translator’s Dilemma', Classical and Modern Literature, 27, 1, Spring 2007 (pub. 2008), pp. 93-120.

'The Word and the Take: Writing for the Mask', Didaskalia website, Vol. 7 issue 1, Winter 2007.
'Dionysus: The Victorian Outcast', Victorian Review, 34, 2, Fall 2008, pp. 185-99.

'Transfusion or Transgression'. Symposia Proceedings of the X and XI International Meetings on Ancient Greek Drama. Athens: The European Cultural Centre of Delphi, 2008, pp. 195-205.

'Deianira, the Poor Relation'. Symposia Proceedings of the XII International Meetings on Ancient Greek Drama. Athens: The European Cultural Centre of Delphi, 2008, pp. 357-366.
'Mushri, and the First English Oresteia', Arion, Fall, 14.2, 2006, pp. 49-67.

'The Line or the Gag: Translating Classical Comedy', Manchester University Centre for Translation and Intercultural Studies: Occasional Papers, Vol. 3, 2006, pp. 29-46.
'Aristophanes and the Theatre of Burlesque', The Comparative Drama Conference Series Text and Presentation 2005, 2006, pp. 3-14.
'Comfortable Up Here: Comfortable Down There' (Anetos panta. opos edo ki ekai), Eighth International Symposium on Greek Drama, Nicosia: 2005, pp. 214-26  and 26-38.
‘Night Scenes: Sight and Blindness in Greek Drama’ (Nukterines Skenes: Orase kai Tuphlose sto Elleniko Drama), Sixth International  Symposium on Greek Drama, Nicosia: 2002, 230-5 and 64-71.

'A Response to Helene Foley’, Illinois Classical Studies, Vol XXVI,  2001, pp. 77-80.

'Playing in the Dark: Masks and Euripides' Rhesos, Helios, Vol 27, no. 2, (Fall 2000), pp. 137-147.
'Translation for Translocation' (Metaphrase gia Metatopise), Fifth International Symposium on Greek Drama, Nicosia: 1999, pp. 256-62  and 25-32.
'Realising Menander: Get-in at the Getty', Drama: Beiträge zum antiken Drama und seiner Rezeption, Band 5, 1997, pp. 171-191.

'Sophocles’ Electra: Actors in Space', Drama: Beiträge zum antiken Drama und seiner Rezeption, Band 4, 1996, pp. 41-48.
'Style and Music in Suddenly Last Summer', Studies in Theatre Production, No. 1 (1990): pp. 5-21.
'Chinese Street Theatre', Asian Theatre Bulletin in Theatre News, Vol. IX.8 (1977): pp. 12-14.

'Financial Arrangements for the Athenian Dramatic Festivals', Theatre Research International, Vol I.2, 1977, pp. 79-86.

'An Acting Tradition from Homer to Aeschylus', Theatre Research (Recherches Théâtrales), Vol. XII.1, 1972, pp. 7-28.

Contributor to
The Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics (Brill)
The Encyclopedia of Greek Tragedy (Wiley-Blackwell)
The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance (OUP)
The International Dictionary of Theatre Part 1: Plays (St James Press)
The International Dictionary of Theatre Part II: Playwrights (St James Press)
The International Dictionary of Opera
The Fontana Biographical Companion to Modern Thought
The World Encyclopaedia of Dance
The Oxford Book of Plays (Classical Editor)
'Last Call for the Playwrights?' Jan Kott, The Eating of the Gods: an Interpretation of Greek Tragedy; Euripides, Medea, a New Version by Ben Power, Arion, Third series, 23.1 Spring/Summer 2015, pp. 155-67.
The Arts Council of England. 88 production reviews for the Revenue and Project Panels (1984-2001)
Book reviews for:
New Theatre Quarterly
The Higher
The Classical Review
The Journal of Hellenic Studies
Theatre Research International
Theatre Notebook

For enquiries relating to performance rights of unpublished plays or translations referred to above, contact
Plautus: The Comedy of Terrors or Menaechmi Behaving Badly
with M. McDonald:
     Iphigeneia Among the Taurians
Jean Anouilh:
     Oedipe ou le roi boiteux
Original Plays
HUAC and the Theatre (Documentary)
Helen (after Euripides)
The Parasite (from Mayakovsky's Klop)
The Female of the Species
Routine Questioning
Gentlemen and Players, a comedy for radio about W. G. Grace

Recent Papers given:
2014    Nicosia, Cyprus ITI, 'Offstage and On: Aeschylus to Menander'.
2010    The Getty Villa, Malibu, Symposium entitled Artists and Actors: Iconography and                                Performance in Ancient Greece, 'Performance Perspectives'. 
2010    Queen Mary College, University of London,Conference entitled Theatre                                              Translation  as Collaboration: Re-routing Text Through Performance, Plenary                                 Lecture, 'Who's Gag is it Anyway?'
2009    Delphi, European Cultural Centre, 'How Married is Medea?'
2008    The Comparative Drama Conference, Los Angeles, ‘Coney - Catchers in Plautus’.

2007    Royal Holloway and King’s College, London, ‘The Word and the Take: Writing for                            the Mask’.
2006    Delphi, European Cultural Centre, ‘The Military and Military Language in Rhesos’. 
           Centre  for Translation and Intercultural Studies, University of  Manchester 
               '"Enough Give in It": Translating the Classical Play'.

2005    Northridge, CA, Comparative Drama, 'Aristophanes and the Theatre of Burlesque'.

           University of Athens, ‘Crisis: What Crisis?: Theatre and Theatre Studies in the                     
                Twenty-first Century’.

2004    San Francisco, A.P.A. ‘New Stage Visions: Craig’s Classical Operas’.

            Delphi, European Cultural Centre.  ‘Deianira, the Poor Relation’.

            Cyprus, I.T.I, ' "Comfortable Up Here, Comfortable Down There": The Life of                                    Sophocles'.

            Elefsina, DESMI, 'A Prop to our Infirmities: The Fallible Body in Sophocles'.

            Athens, I.T.I.  'Choosing a Hat'.

            Olivier Theatre, National Theatre of England 'Routine Business: Plautus in the 

2003   Keynote speech on Gordon Craig in the Pastmasters Series, The Centre for                                         Performance Research, Aberystwyth, 'Gordon Craig and the Classical Revival'.

           Guest Lecture on 'Translating Comedy', The Centre for Translation and Intercultural
               Studies, University of Manchester.

           The Hellenic Society. 'From Attic to Best-Seller: Ancient Drama for the Audience  of                    Today'.

           Getty Museum 'New Stage Visions: Edward Gordon Craig’s Classical Designs'.

2002    'Hats and Masks'. Plenary Lecture I.T.I., Athens; Amsterdam (I.F.T.R.).

1997-   Plenary, Keynote or Guest Lectures:
Cyprus, Baton Rouge, Plovdiv, UCLA, UCSD, UC Riverside, Delphi, Epidaurus,
University College  Dublin, Trinity Dublin, Cork, Dallas, Paris, Thessaloniki, Lyon,
Tel Aviv, Getty Museum, Athens, Elefsina, Oxford, Canterbury, Manchester, Aberystwyth.
APA (Panel organiser) at Dallas, San Diego, Philadelphia, New Orleans.